Xavi Martí-González presents his paper at the 2021 Online Congress of the Latin American Studies Association
Under the title of “Global crisis, inequalities, and centrality of life”, the purpose of the 2021 LASA Congress has been to convene people studying the societies and cultures of Latin American and the Caribbean to reflect on globalization and its impacts on the lives of its inhabitants, the institutional architecture of its states, and the cultural dynamics on the continent. The COVID-19 pandemic, which has highlighted the global crisis with dramatic consequences in Latin America, was also put at the center of the discussion. The Congress was held both face-to-face in Vancouver and virtually.
The paper presented by Martí-González elaborates on the challenges that the post-pandemic context poses for development and development cooperation, and analyzes their possible consequences. The human and economic crisis generated by COVID-19, still to be fully dimensioned, put even more strain on the international development cooperation system and the 2030 Agenda. However, the outbreak of COVID-19 and the post-pandemic that is drawn directly challenges both. The budgetary restrictions that are coming, the worsening of needs and inequalities, the changes in the prioritization of objectives by the states and other agents, among other issues, raise profound questions regarding the local-global, public-private, and welfare-empowerment of rights binomials.
The paper concludes that the pandemic could end up accelerating some of the trends that questioned traditional development cooperation. Not only because the solidarity links between the countries of the South have been strengthened, but also because a window of opportunity has been opened for emerging actors – especially China – to end up forcing the overcoming of the development cooperation model that emerged from Bretton Woods.